Cholesterol Write For Us – Having high cholesterol puts you at a considerably increased risk of heart disease and stroke. Although cholesterol is a fat made by the body that is essential for health, certain types of cholesterol in the blood can be harmful.
What is cholesterol
Cholesterol is a sort of fat found in foods of animal origin. This fat is key to producing hormones and other natural processes in the human body. According to the World Health Organization, most people with hypercholesterolemia (excess cholesterol in the blood) do not receive adequate treatment, which could reduce the risk of heart attack or stroke.
types of cholesterol
Cholesterol is transported through the body along with a protein in the blood. This combination of fat and protein is called a lipoprotein. There are different types of lipoproteins, depending on how much fat there is in protein:
HDL (high-density lipoprotein)
A small amount of cholesterol is transported as high-density lipoprotein (HDL), mostly protein with little fat. HDL carries excess cholesterol from tissues (including artery walls) to the liver for removal. Since HDL helps prevent the buildup of cholesterol in your blood vessels, your risk of heart disease is lower if you have high levels of it. HDL is also often called “good” cholesterol. Women tend to have sophisticmore and HDL levels than men. Physical activity can increase HDL.
LDL (low-density lipoprotein)
Most of the body’s cholesterol (about 70 percent) is transported as low-density lipoprotein (LDL). Mainly, it contains fat with little protein. LDL transports cholesterol from the liver to the cells. High LDL levels increase the risk of cardiovascular disease because LDL causes cholesterol to rise.
Most of the body’s cholesterol (about 70 percent) is transported as low-density lipoprotein (LDL). Mainly, it contains fat with little protein. LDL transports cholesterol from the liver to the cells. High LDL levels increase the risk of cardiovascular disease because LDL causes cholesterol to rise in the blood vessels. LDL is often called “bad” cholesterol.
Triglycerides are a different type of fat, mainly from the fat you eat. Energy from food that is not used immediately is converted to triglycerides and transported to fat cells for storage. This provides you with a critical essential of stored energy. Although most triglycerides are stored as fat, they are also found at low levels in the blood. A high blood triglyceride level and a high LDL level can increase your risk of heart disease, particularly if you have diabetes, smoke, or have high blood pressure.
Colesterol total (CT)
A high total cholesterol level is a risk factor for future health problems. However, it is importaessentialsider the relative amounts of HDL and LDL. This is often called the total cholesterol/HDL ratio (TC:HDL). Yo, your goal is to have a high HDL and a low LDL lelevela low total cholesterol/HDL ratio).
What is high cholesterol? – Cholesterol Write For Us
High cholesterol affects the heart and blood vessels and increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). High cholesterol reasons fatty deposits (known as plaques) to form inside the blood vessels.
Over time, the blood vessels supplying the heart can become so narrow that they can’t deliver enough oxygen to the heart muscle, particularly under stress. This can cause chest pain (angina).
A fatty plaque rupture can cause a blood clot that can block blood flow to the heart (heart attack) or brain (stroke such as ischemic stroke).
symptoms of high cholesterol
You may only find out you have high cholesterol if you develop symptoms of heart disease. Sometimes yellow patches (called xanthomas) can develop around the eyes or elsewhere on the skin. These are cholesterol deposits and can show that you have high cholesterol.
Complications of high cholesterol
High cholesterol surges the risk of heart disease, artery disease, and stroke. Your GP will discuss with you the possible complications of high cholesterol.
Causes of high cholesterol
Some factors can cause or contribute to high cholesterol. Among them are:
- A diet high in saturated fat
- Lack of exercise: exercise can increase HDL levels
- Obesity (BMI of 30 or more)
- Age and gender: Cholesterol levels generally increase with age, and men under the age of 55 are additionally likely to be affected than women, but after age 55, women are more likely to be affected.
- Drinking more than the recommended daily amount of alcohol
- A disease that can sometimes cause high cholesterol in your family is called “familial hypercholesterolemia.” About one in 500 people have this disease. It is not caused by an unhealthy lifestyle but is passed from parent to child through an abnormal gene
- Other conditions, such as poorly controlled diabetes, some kidney and liver diseases, and thyroid problems, can also cause high cholesterol.
- Some medications, such as beta-blockers, steroids, and thiazides (a type of diuretic), can also affect blood lipid levels.
Diagnosis of high cholesterol
How do you know if you consume high cholesterol?
Your cholesterol level is measured with a blood test. Generally, you will be questioned not to eat for 12 hours before the test so that the food is fully digested and does not affect the result. Your GP may take a blood sample with a needle, syringe, or finger prick. Cholesterol can be checked at your GP’s office, in a hospital, or as part of a health screening exam.
There are also kits to measure cholesterol at home, but they could be more accurate. Could you ask your pharmacist about the result you get if you use a kit?
The total cholesterol in the blood is measured in units called millimoles per liter of blood, often abbreviated as “mmol/liter”,”mol/l,” o,r “mM”. T.” re is no recommended total cholesterol or LDL cholesterol level.
When looking at your cholesterol levels, your GP will consider how much HDL you have compared to LDL. This is called the total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio. You must divide the total cholesterol level by the HDL level to calculate it. It is healthier to have a high HDL level, a low LDL level, and a low total cholesterol level, with a total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio of less than 4.
Who should have a cholesterol test?
Your GP should check your cholesterol levels yearly if you have cardiovascular disease. If you are at high risk of cardiovascular disease or have a family history of high cholesterol, your GP should check your cholesterol. In addition, it will explain how often it should be checked.
high cholesterol treatment
There are two ways to help lower high cholesterol:
- The first is lifestyle changes, including changing your diet, controlling weight, and increasing exercise.&
- The second is to combine lifestyle changes with cholesterol-lowering medications.
What not to eat if you have high cholesterol
Eating healthy can lower cholesterol. Your diet should be low in saturated fat in particular and low in fat in general. Some foods to avoid are:
- cookies, cakes, and pastry products
- red meat
- hard cheese
- the butter
These foods tend to have a lot of saturated fat, so reducing the consumption of these products is convenient.
Some foods contain cholesterol. These include eggs, shrimp, and giblets such as liver and kidney. This type of cholesterol is known as dietary cholesterol and has a much lower effect on blood cholesterol than saturated fat in the diet. You can cut back on these foods if your GP recommends them.
diet for high cholesterol – Cholesterol Write For Us
If you have high cholesterol, it is essential to eat plenty of fiber, especially soluble fiber, which helps lower cholesterol. There is soluble fiber in fruits and vegetables, beans, and oats. Try to eat at least five percentages of fruit and vegetables a day. Foods that contain substances called plant sterols or stanols can help lower cholesterol.
Losing excess weight can lower LDL levels and increase HDL levels if you are overweight. Increasing physical activity can enhance the cholesterol-lowering effects of your diet.
Since high cholesterol can increase your risk of heart disease, you should reduce any additional risk of developing it by quitting smoking.
medicines for high cholesterol – Cholesterol Write For Us
Your GP may prescribe cholesterol-lowering medicines if you already have heart disease or are in danger of heart disease because you have other risk factors. The goal of treatment is to reduce total cholesterol levels to a quarter or less than five mmol/l.
The leading group of cholesterol-lowering drugs is statins. Available statins include simvastatin, atorvastatin, fluvastatin, pravastatin, and rosuvastatin. They reduce the production of cholesterol in the liver. These drugs can have special side effects, such as indigestion and muscle aches.
Other cholesterol-lowering drugs include fibrates, nicotinic acid, and cholesterol absorption inhibitors such as ezetimibe (Ezetrol), but the. Still, they are generally less effective than statins or have more side effects. However, your GP may prescribe ezetimibe with a statin if you have very high cholesterol also gives you more data about these medicines and suggest the most appropriate treatment.
High Cholesterol Prevention
You can prevent high cholesterol by maintaining a healthy weight and eating a diet low in saturated fat. Try to include at least two servings of fish, of which at least one should be fatty fish like mackerel or salmon.
You do not need to take omega-three supplements or eat margarine, yogurts, or other foods that contain plant stanols or sterols.
You should not smoke or drink too much alcohol and exercise regularly. However, if there is a history of great cholesterol in your family, it cannot be easy to prevent your having it too.
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